Tuckman Stages of Group Development
These stages are commonly known as: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. Tuckman’s model explains that as the team develops maturity and ability, relationships establish, and leadership style changes to more collaborative or shared leadership.
Here’s a researched based overview of group development. Does this help you understand the group dynamics of online teaching and learning?
In my experience I’ve seen a great deal of Forming, Norming and Performing. (Not too much Storming!)